Often, investment for most individuals begins and ends with tax planning. Although it is pertinent to avail tax breaks, this should not be the sole focus. Start by jotting down your key financial objectives, the tentative time of money requirement and the corpus needed to achieve those goals. One can use tax saving investments effectively, to achieve financial goals.
Maximising your tax saving Exemptions/reimbursements –
Identify the reimbursements available from the company and take maximum advantage of the same. Normal expenses that one incurs could help save tax. Example- Telephone/fuel reimbursements, meal vouchers and company car. A person in lower tax slabs can reduce his tax liability to nil with exemptions alone. Similarly, salaried employees staying in rented apartments can claim exemption under Section 10(5) of the Act in respect of house rent allowance by making the HRA a component of there salary.
Some of the popularly known Exemptions/Reimbursements
House Rent Allowance
Minimum of –
1. Actual HRA
2. Rent Paid – 10% of Basic
3. 40% of Basic (Non-Metros) or 50% of Basic (Metros)
Rs 800 / Month (1600 Per Month from A.Y. 2016-17)
Leave Travel Allowance
Two trips in a block of 4 Yrs Amount not exceeding Air Economy or Rail AC-I Fare shall be for shortest distance and for a single destination
Section 80C allows a maximum limit of Rs 1.50 lakh across investments ranging from provident fund, PPF, infrastructure bonds, fixed deposits (5 years or more), Sukanya Samriddhi Account, NSC, insurance/pension plans, unit linked insurance, equity linked savings scheme etc. It also includes tuition fees of your children and the repayment of principal on your housing loan. Deduction under section 80C and Tax Planning
The interest component on your home loan has a separate limit of Rs 2 lakh. Income Tax Benefits from House Property and Loan
Medical premium up to a maximum of Rs 15,000 (Rs. 20000/- wef A.Y. 2016-17) qualifies for deduction, with an additional Rs 15,000 for parents. Additional deduction of 20,000/- (Rs. 30000/- wef A.Y. 2016-17) could be availed in case of a senior citizen.You can claim a separate deduction for medical premium of your parents. Deduction U/s 80D for Mediclaim Premium to Individual, HUF, Senior Citizens
A person who have spent money on the maintenance (including medical treatment) of dependant persons with disability, could avail deductions 80DD of the Act. Section 80DD Deduction- Medical expense of disabled dependent.
Individuals paying interest on education loan should obtain the interest payment certificate under section 80E of the Act. Section 80E – Deduction for Interest on education Loan
Those who are suffering from not less than 40 per cent of any disability is eligible for deduction to the extent of Rs. 50,000/- and in case of severe disability to the extent of Rs. 100,000/- under section 80U of the Act. Deduction u/s. 80U for disabled persons
It reduces your tax liability by availing the deductions u/s (80CCD) which will be upto Rs.1,50,000/- under section 80 CDD(1) and an additional Rs.50,000/- under section 80CCD (1B) per assessment year (applicable from FY 2015-16/AY 2016-17)